This Chinese military trainer (CJ stands for Chuji Jiaolianji or Primary Trainer), is a more powerful version of the CJ-6 which first flew in 1958. The CJ-6A had a production run at more than 3,000 which was supplied to the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the Army Navy Air Force (PLANAF), as well as for export (as the PT-6) to countries including Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, and continues to be operated by North Korea.

The CJ-6A is based on Cold War Russian design philosophy, including the use of compressed air for starting the engine. As well as retracting and extending the landing gear, flap operation, and brakes. Compared with hydraulic fluid, compressed air is free and does not freeze during winter at such places as Siberia in Russia or Northern China! The red ‘gills’ on the front of the engine can be opened or closed by the pilot to control engine temperature.

Nanchang CJ-6A VH-LNM was imported into Australia in 2003 as an ex-People’s Liberation Army Air Force machine in a dull khaki colour. After refurbishment, paint stripping, and inspection, it was repainted in the colours of the People’s Liberation Army Navy Air Force, or more simply the air arm of the Chinese Navy. Some Western flight instruments have been fitted to the cockpit, however, the configuration of the rear cockpit has been left as close as possible to that used by the Red Chinese pilots during the Cold War.

Technical specifications

 

STRUCTURE Aluminium ‘stressed skin’. Control surfaces are fabric over metal frames.
ENGINE Huosai 6A nine-cylinder air-cooled radial engine of 285 hp. It is geared to drive a constant-speed (variable pitch) propeller.
 

 

 

Wingspan Length
 10.22m  8.46m

 

Height                           Empty Weight
3.3m  1,068 kg
Maximum take-off weight Cruise Speed
 1,400 kg  140 knots (259 kph)

 

Maximum speed (diving):                       Landing speed:   
 

190 knots (352 kph)

75 knots (139 kph)

 

 

 

 

The de Havilland DH94 Moth ‘Minor’ first flew in England in1937, intended for use as an affordable and simple ‘club’ aeroplane.  However, the looming Second World War caused de Havilland’s priorities to change, which resulted in only a relatively small number of these aircraft being built in England.  Further limited production of Moth Minors was carried out in Australia for the Royal Australian Air Force. The RAAF used these aircraft in training, liaison and personal transport roles until the end of the war.  Many Moth Minors were back in use as private aircraft post-war, but most fell into disrepair which has resulted in only a very few of these aircraft flying today.

Moth Minor RAAF serial number A21-42 was an English machine imported for civilian use, however things were so desperate for Australia in the early years of World War Two that it was ‘impressed’ into RAAF service, serving at various bases in Queensland and New South Wales.  At the end of the war it saw some use once again as a civilian machine, resuming its initial civilian registration of VH-ACR, however it was not long before it too fell into disuse. For many years, it hung from the roof inside Gilltrap’s Auto Museum on the Gold Coast, then exhibited in various other museums until acquired by Mark Carr (who remembers seeing it as a child when visiting Gilltrap’s on a family holiday!).  An exhaustive six-year restoration followed, and she finally took to the air again, now registered as VH-CZB, in 2008 after being grounded for some sixty years! The aircraft now enjoys a new lease on life as one of the oldest airworthy ex-RAAF aircraft in Australia.  Moth Minors are extremely rare, and this is the only one in the world available to the public to ride in.

 

Technical specifications

 

STRUCTURE fuselage and main wing structure wood, covered with plywood and fabric.  Wing trailing edges and tail surfaces consist of wooden spars and ribs, covered with fabric.  The wings can be folded back under the tail for storage.
ENGINE de Havilland ‘Gipsy Minor’, ‘inverted in-line’ four cylinders, air cooled, 90 horse power
 

 

 

Wingspan Length
 11.15m  7.44m

 

Height                           Empty Weight
 –
Maximum take-off weight Cruise Speed
 703 kg  90 knots (166 kph)

 

Maximum speed (diving):                       Landing speed:   
 

50 knots (92 kph)

 

 

 

 

The CAC (Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation) CA-25 ‘Winjeel’ (an Aboriginal word for ‘young eagle’), first flew at Fisherman’s Bend, near Melbourne, in 1951.  Australian designed and built, it replaced both the Tiger Moth and the Wirraway training aircraft. Australia’s Army, Navy and Air Force pilots, including those who served in the VietNam War, were taught to fly on it during the Cold War years until it was replaced in the mid-seventies by the CT-4A Airtrainer.  Some Winjeels were retained by the RAAF, and they soldiered on as a Forward Air Control (FAC) aircraft, whose role was to mark ground targets with smoke bombs and to direct fighter strikes onto them. The last Winjeel retired from RAAF service in 1994, but the type is still remembered fondly by most ex-military pilots, including those who later served on Winjeels as Qualified Flying Instructors.

Winjeel RAAF serial number A85-443 (presented as A85-404) was a typical Winjeel which served in the training role, mainly at RAAF Point Cook, Victoria.  It was later modified as a FAC aircraft, painted in camouflage and based at RAAF Williamtown, NSW until its retirement.  It was acquired in 2009, overhauled and restored to training configuration. It was also repainted in more eye-catching colours to represent a Winjeel which was attached to the RAAF’s VIP transport squadron, No. 34, based at RAAF Fairbairn, ACT during the late nineteen fifties.  The distinctive blue ‘flash’ and 34 Squadron crest on the sides of the fuselage, absence of the large ‘buzz number’ on the engine cowling, and the different locations of the red, white and blue fin ‘flash’ on the tail were distinguishing features of the 34 Squadron Winjeels.

Now with its civilian registration of VH-CZE, Winjeel – 443 now enjoys a new lease on life with Military Air Training Heritage Pty Ltd, which is dedicated to the display and operation of historic training aircraft.  All money raised from Adventure Flights helps to keep these aircraft in the air, and your support is greatly appreciated. The Winjeel is unusual among military trainers, as it has a seat for a second passenger in the rear of its large cockpit.  Adventure Flights are available for two passengers at once in the Winjeel at no extra cost!  The aircraft is aerobatic, however aerobatics cannot be flown when carrying a passenger in the rear seat.

Technical specifications

 

STRUCTURE Aluminium ‘stressed skin’ joined with lots of rivets! Control surfaces are fabric over metal frames.
ENGINE American-made Pratt and Whitney R-985 ‘Wasp Junior’ of 450 horsepower.  The engine is an air-cooled, nine-cylinder radial, supercharged to 36″ of boost at maximum power.  It drives a metal constant-speed (variable pitch) propeller.
 

 

 

Wingspan Length
 11.78m  8.55m

 

Height                           Empty Weight
 1,595 kg
Maximum take-off weight Cruise Speed
 2,086 kg  120 knots (222 kph)

 

Maximum speed (diving):                       Landing speed:   
 

220 knots (407 kph)

75 knots (138 kph)